What is tense ?
Tense indicates time in which the action has taken place .
There are 3 tenses in English
Present tense .
Simple present tense
Subject+root form of the verb+object
I go the beach on every Sunday.
She goes to the mall after every session.
Present continuous tense
We,you,they +are,+verb(ing) + object
We are playing cricket
He is eating banana.
I am drinking water
Present perfect tense
Verb+has/have+3rd form of the verb+ object
She has taken my copy
Present perfect continuous tense
He has been dancing since 2hours.
They have been listening to music for 4 hours.
Past tense .
Simple past tense
DID+ROOT FORM OF THE VERB
The flight landed few minutes ago.
She did not work here.
Past continuous tense
WAS/WERE + VERB+ING
He was cleaning his room yesterday.
They were sitting in the room day before yesterday.
Past perfect tense
HAD+VERB+3RD FORM OF THE VERB
He had been to Mumbai before 2005.
*it is not used to express single action in the past:
We had gone to the zoo on Sunday.
We went to the zoo on Sunday.
Past perfect continuous tense
I HAD BEEN WORKING ON THIS PROJECT SINCE 2 MONTHS.
Will/shall+ root form of the verb
He will give me chocolates tomorrow.
Be going to+ root form of the verb
If we have decided to do something or if we intend to do something in the near future.
We are going to spend this weekend at Solang valley resort.
Future continuous tense
Shall/will be+ ing form of the verb
Action that will be in progress at a given time in future.
At 8o’clock,she will be doing her work.
Future perfect tense
Shall/will have + 3rd form of the verb
An action which will have been completed before a given time in the future.
We shall have cleared the old stock before the fresh goods arrive.
Future perfect continuous tense
Shall/will have been+ ing form of the verb
Action which will begin before moment in the future and will terminate at the moment or may continue even beyond that.
When Mr. Narayan leaves the office at 5, he will have been dictating letters continuously for three hours