Class One Math – What Happens

June 13, 2016, Chennai

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For Parents | By Shubha Janardhan | June 13, 2016

The two core academic skills of reading and writing are very important and demanding skills for your grade one child to learn, but math also plays a very important role. Grade one math is usually made up of skills that can be categorized into groups such as numbers, geometry, operations, and problem solving.

A concept of numbers is a set of math skills that describes your child’s understanding that numbers represent quantity, and that you can use numbers to count “how many”, is the most important skills of all. To move ahead in math, your child must gain several conceptual building block skills in this area, including:


  • Numbers and counting to 100
  • Math language concept vocabulary such as measurement, weight and money to the technical vocabulary of math, such as bigger than, less than, adding, subtracting, difference, and sum
  • Comprehension of ratios and proportions
  • Understanding colors, shapes, and patterns


Although curriculum varies from state to state, children working at the standard grade one level know these skills at the beginning of grade one:


  •     Know that numbers are symbols that tell you how many items there are
  •     Know about the concept of time and can tell hours
  •     Say numbers 1 through 20 corresponding to their numbers or items
  •     Combine and divide sets using objects
  •     Classify and sort shapes
  •     Solve addition problems through 10
  •     Compare more, less, and same
  •     Show understanding of half of a whole object


By the end of grade one, children working at the standard grade one level know these skills:


  •     Can work with patterns and sequences
  •     Can add and subtract single-digit numbers
  •     Can tell time by hours and minutes with a normal clock
  •     Can estimate and guess simple outcomes
  •     Can count money both notes and coins
  •     Can identify place values to hundreds
  •     Can differentiate between measuring length, capacity, and weight
  •     Can work with basic geometric shapes
  •     Understand the concept of symmetry
  •     Can count higher than 100
  •     Can tell the fractions 1/2, 1/3, 1/4
  •     Can solve simple word problems – addition and subtraction


Children at the grade one level are learning fast.  If your child is showing mastery of these concepts quickly, do not hesitate to keep them moving ahead and getting on with Grade two math levels.  Happy math with your children!

Shubha Janardhan is the Co-Creator of Nidara.

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