Yoga-The great gift from India (188)-S SRIDHARAN

September 25, 2015, Chennai

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Sage Yajnavalkya continues:
“There are ten Niyamas.

 They are Tapas, Santosha, Astikyam, Danam, Isvarapujanam, Siddhantavakya sravanam, Hri, mati, japa and vratam. (II.1)
Please hear the explanation for each of them.  Tapas is to observe fasting on certain days as declared in the Sastras which reduces impurities of the body. Santosha is to be contended with whatever comes on its own.  Astikyam is to have faith in dharma. Danam is give with devotion and respect to those who deserve, wealth properly earned.  Isvarapujanam is worshiping one’s personal deity. Isvarapujanam also includes acting in a right way without harming others. Siddhanta Sravanam is to listen to discourses from Vedas, Puranas and other spiritual literature. Hri to be shy of and stay away from actions forbidden. Mati is to have faith in action as prescribed by the Vedas. Japa is to recite mantras. Vrata is follow the discipline as instructed by the teacher for the purpose of Self realisation.”
Niyamas are those disciplines which is ‘personal’.  They are aimed at removal of impurities, physical and mental.  The impurities accumulate as one has to stay in touch with worldly things.  Because of the strong influence of things on the senses, the mind gets attracted and in turn is taken away from the spiritual path. Following Niyamas is like cleaning a vessel which is used for cooking everyday as they gather dirt.  
This text talks gives some more aspects of Japa which will follow.

Sage Yajnavalkya continues:

“There are ten Niyamas.  They are Tapas, Santosha, Astikyam, Danam, Isvarapujanam, Siddhantavakya sravanam, Hri, mati, japa and vratam. (II.1)

Please hear the explanation for each of them.  Tapas is to observe fasting on certain days as declared in the Sastras which reduces impurities of the body. Santosha is to be contended with whatever comes on its own.  Astikyam is to have faith in dharma. Danam is give with devotion and respect to those who deserve, wealth properly earned.  

Isvarapujanam is worshiping one’s personal deity. Isvarapujanam also includes acting in a right way without harming others. Siddhanta Sravanam is to listen to discourses from Vedas, Puranas and other spiritual literature. Hri to be shy of and stay away from actions forbidden. Mati is to have faith in action as prescribed by the Vedas. Japa is to recite mantras. Vrata is follow the discipline as instructed by the teacher for the purpose of Self realisation.”

Niyamas are those disciplines which is ‘personal’.  They are aimed at removal of impurities, physical and mental.  The impurities accumulate as one has to stay in touch with worldly things.  Because of the strong influence of things on the senses, the mind gets attracted and in turn is taken away from the spiritual path. Following Niyamas is like cleaning a vessel which is used for cooking everyday as they gather dirt.  

This text talks gives some more aspects of Japa which will follow.


 S Sridharan had the privilege of learning the nuances of Yoga Sastra directly under Yogi TKV Desikachar.  S Sridharan, a senior Yoga Therapist, Consultant and Teacher in Trust of Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram, Chennai.