Medical Care for Your LKG or UKG Child
August 12, 2015, Chennai
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For Parents and Educators| By Shubha Janardhan | June 16, 2015
Regular Child Health Check Ups
Regular child health checkups are an important part of keeping your LKG or UKG child healthy and up to date on immunizations against many serious childhood diseases.
A checkup also is an opportunity for your child’s doctor to talk to you about developmental and safety matters and for you to ask questions you might have about your child's overall health. It is important to keep your child healthy during school years and help them fight against illnesses that other children might carry. Playground illnesses are some of the most common ones that can affect your child’s performance in school and life.
What to Expect at your Child’s Doctor's Office
During yearly exams, your child will be weighed and measured, and the results will be mapped on growth charts for weight, height, and body mass index (BMI). Using these charts, your child’s doctor will see how your child is growing compared with other children the same age and gender. Your child’s doctor will then take a medical and family history and perform a complete physical examination.
During this visit, your child's blood pressure, vision, and hearing will be examined. Your child may be screened for anemia, lead poisoning, tuberculosis, or high cholesterol. This might be an uncomfortable visit for your child, but one that he or she has to cooperate with. A great way to get your child’s cooperation is to help them learn about their body while the doctor is examining them.
If the doctor determines that your child is at risk for conditions like meningococcal or pneumococcal disease, other vaccines might be required just as a precaution.
Your child’s doctor will then test out for crossed eyes and any vision and hearing problems, and also check the teeth for tooth decay, abnormal tooth development, malocclusion (abnormal bite), dental injuries, or other problems. In addition to the doctor's dental evaluation, your child should be making regular visits to the dentist. This is also a crucial time for milk teeth to start falling and permanent teeth to start growing. If your child is finding something painful, you must go to the doctor immediately.
The doctor also will also evaluate your child’s behavioral and social development, asking questions to see if your child's everyday behavior is age appropriate, how well your child performs in social situations, and how well he or she communicates with others.
Child Developmental Milestones
Basic Child Developmental milestones for 4-year-children include being able to:
- Help with household activities
- Play cooperatively with other children
- Understand the concept of gender (male / female)
- Identify colors
Basic Developmental milestones for 5-year-children include being able to:
- Dress independently and tie their shoe lace
- Know their home address and phone number
- Draw a person with head, body, arms, and legs
- Print some alphabet letters
With so many kidnappings, poor building structures and natural dangers happening, child safety is another topic of discussion. Your child’s doctor will cover the importance of using car seat belts, supervising children around swimming pools, using bicycle helmets and other protective gear, not smoking around children, and using sunscreen when they are outside. In homes with firearms, guns and ammunition should be stored separately and kept locked at all times with no access to the child.
If You think there is a Medical Problem, Parents can often tell if their child is ill by his or her appearance, but certain symptoms warrant an immediate call to your doctor. Though they may represent a minor illness such as a cold or ear infection, some symptoms also can signal a more serious infection or a chronic condition, such as asthma.
Significant symptoms include:
- Changes in weight or eating habits
- Changes in behavior or sleep patterns
- Failure to grow in height and weight as expected
- Fever and acting ill
- Persistent vomiting or diarrhea
- Being unable to hold down liquids
- Signs of a skin infection or persistent rash
- Persistent cough, or other breathing difficulties
- Localized pain, such as an ear infection
- Typical medical problems
Problems often found in children of this age group include enuresis (bedwetting) and sleep disturbances, such as nightmares. Children also might have growing pains in their calves at night.
Make sure to ask your doctor any other questions you might have regarding your child’s physical health.
Shubha Janardhan is the Co-Creator of Nidara.